Panel 1: Do We Need to Mainstream in Order to Integrate? Exploring the Intersections

The first panel, called "Do We Need to Mainstream in Order to Integrate? Finding the Intersections," featured representatives from international development organizations who discussed what motivated their organizations to mainstream gender and improve gender integration in programming, and some of the challenges met in the process.

Key Messages

  • Why should development organizations mainstream?

    To walk the talk – Organizations should internalize the same gender transformative policies to which local partners and stakeholders are held accountable.

    To improve program effectiveness, results, and the bottom line – Organizations need people committed to the integration of gender into programming for it to be successful.

    Because gender equality is a moral imperative – The ultimate goal of development programming is to achieve greater equality, rights, and human well-being. Gender transformative practices, both internally and externally, drive that forward.
  • The two facets of gender mainstreaming – organizational and programmatic integration – are intricately associated. Without the fundamental work of mainstreaming gender within an organization, programs lack the foundation and agency to develop and implement successful gender transformative programs.


Patricia T. Morris, Ph. D., Director, Gender Practice, dTS, MODERATOR

Dr. Patricia T. Morris is an internationally known leader in women’s empowerment and development, and a gender mainstreaming expert with a career spanning more than 20 years. She joined Women Thrive as President in January 2015. Dr. Morris previously managed a global portfolio of social and economic development projects at Development and Training Services (dTS). She has also led dozens of organizations and corporations to institutionalize equitable gender policies.

Dr. Morris has worked closely with the U.S. government to advance initiatives empowering women and girls — including as a team leader for the USAID-funded Gender-Based Violence Strategy Research Agenda Project. She developed dTS’ Organizational Gender Assessment (OGA) and InterAction’s Gender Audit tool. She is an Adjunct Professor at American University’s School of International Service where she teaches courses on gender analysis and development. Dr. Morris holds a Ph.D. in international politics from Florida State University.

Theresa Hwang, Gender Director, CARE USA

Theresa Hwang, Gender Director, CARE provides strategic guidance for integrating gender into program design, implementation, learning and evaluation across diverse technical programming areas, and to create supportive organizational policies and practices on gender equity and diversity. She designs and facilitates trainings on gender equity and diversity for development practitioners, and has developed global curriculum on engaging men and boys for gender equality. As a HIV Technical Advisor at CARE, Ms. Hwang co-coordinated a two-year multi-country global research study exploring the links between women's empowerment and HIV prevention. Prior to CARE, she worked with Doctors of the World in Sri Lanka and the Global Fund for Women. She holds a M.A. in Public Affairs in International Development, and a certificate in Health Policy from Princeton University.

Aparna Mehrotra, Senior Advisor on Coordination & Focal Point for Women, UN Women

Aparna Mehrotra, Senior Adviser on Coordination for UN Women and Focal Point for Women in the UN system leads the development and roll-out of the accountability framework for the UN system’s work on Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, also known as the UN-SWAP (System-wide Action Plan). She also acts as coordinator of a network of focal points in the UN system, and undertakes the monitoring, analysis, and reporting to the General Assembly on the status of women in the UN system.

Previously, she served in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Argentina, Angola, and Indonesia, and with the United Nations Capital Development Fund overseeing the development program in countries including Bolivia, Nicaragua, and Bangladesh. As Deputy Chief of the Regional Programme Division in the Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, Ms. Mehrotra led the UNDP Latin America contingent to the World Women’s Conference in Beijing, undertook peace-keeping assignments in Nicaragua and Mexico, and chaired the UNDP/UNFPA/OPS Disciplinary Committee for five years, adjudicating over 70 cases. She has an M.A. from Stanford University, and a law degree.

Maryce Ramsey, Senior Gender Advisor FHI 360

Maryce Ramsey, Senior Gender Advisor, Gender Department, FHI 360 has over 20 years of experience with expertise in gender, youth, reproductive health, and capacity building. Ms. Ramsey has championed international development covering Asia, Africa, and Latin America/Caribbean regions. She has served as Senior Gender Advisor to multiple organizations where she provided overall gender and youth technical guidance to the home and country offices. Ms. Ramsey has led organizational gender and youth capacity building, carried out gender assessments, and provided Technical Assistance for gender integration into core tools and processes.

She has served as a gender advisor on multiple USAID global projects with recognized sub-specialty in youth including expertise in developing life skills programs for pre- and adolescent girls and boys. Previously, Ms. Ramsey was the Project Director for Safe Schools Program addressing school-related gender-based violence funded by the USAID Women in Development Office. She consulted for Johns Hopkins University where she co-authored four curricula for the PEPFAR-funded Go Girls! Initiative, a multi-level, multifaceted program to reduce girls’ vulnerability to HIV in Malawi, Mozambique, and Botswana. Ms. Ramsey holds a M.A. in Public Health from Tulane University.

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